A biopsy is a simple surgery that removes a sample of gum tissue, tooth, or jaw from the body for a pathologist to examine under a microscope, to determine if it is cancerous. The goal is to find the source of an abnormality or lesion, which may be caused by illness or injury. The lesion may be in the area of soft tissue or bone that looks abnormal. This can be a lump or a patch of skin that has a different color or texture. A soft tissue biopsy is the most common type of biopsy used in detecting oral cancer.
Types of Biopsies
Preparation for a BiopsyBefore an oral biopsy, you will have to use an antibacterial rinse in order to prevent any infections. The surgeon will also stain your mouth in order to highlight the lesion. If a bone biopsy is needed then you will need x-rays or computed tomography scans prior to the surgery.
Follow-up procedures for a Biopsy You could take over-the-counter pain relievers if you experience discomfort in your mouth. You should eat soft foods, rinse with warm saltwater, and use antibacterial rinses for the first few days after the surgery. You may also need to take antibiotics. You should return to your dentist after two weeks in order to get the results of the biopsy and make sure that you are healing properly.